What are Lumps and Bumps?
Lumps and Bumps are raised abnormal localized swellings seen on the skin. They vary in size and colour and may be hard or soft. Sometimes, they are itchy.
Types of Lumps and Bumps
Some of the types of Lumps and Bumps include:
- Contact dermatitis: It is a skin disease characterised by itchy red skin.
- Cherry angiomas: They are caused due to clumping of blood vessels which result in raised, red bumps.
- Cold sores: They appear around your lips and are caused by a virus.
- Keloids: They are raised or smooth scars on the shoulders, cheeks or chest
- Cysts: They are fluid-filled growths on the skin.
- Calluses or Corns: They are thickened areas on the skin.
- Lipomas: They are fatty tissue overgrowths under your skin.
- Moles: They are black or brown small outgrowths of the skin.
- Skin tags: They are small painless flaps protruding from the skin.
- Strawberry nevus: They are red birthmarks that fade away.
- Swollen lymph nodes: They appear when your body is fighting an infection.
- Ganglion cysts: They are tumours or swellings on a joint or tendon sheath.
- Cancerous growths: They are benign or malignant cancerous tumours.
- Boils: They are caused due to infection of hair follicles and appear like a red lump filled with pus.
- Acne: Acne occurs when your hair follicles are plugged with dead skin and oil. Common types of acne are pimples, whiteheads or blackheads.
- Bullae: They are fluid-filled bumps usually caused by a viral infection such as chickenpox.
When to See a Doctor?
You can see your doctor if your lump or bump is:
- Growing in size
- Not resolving on its own for a long time
Diagnosis of Lumps and Bumps
Your doctor will perform a physical exam of the area and ask about your medical history. A biopsy of your skin may be ordered for further evaluation.
Treatment of Lumps and Bumps
Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may involve:
Non-surgical methods: Your doctor may suggest the following remedies:
- Use of ice packs to reduce redness and swelling
- Antibiotics or antiviral drugs to treat infections
- Ointments or creams for topical application
Surgery: Your doctor may suggest surgical removal of your lump or bump if conservative treatment options fail.