Hernia surgery is a common procedure performed to treat a hernia, which occurs when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the muscle or connective tissue. Indications for hernia surgery may include pain, discomfort, and the risk of complications such as obstruction or strangulation. Preparation for hernia surgery may involve fasting before the procedure, stopping certain medications, and arranging for transportation. Depending on the type of hernia and the surgical approach, patients may undergo open or laparoscopic surgery. Recovery times vary depending on the individual and the type of surgery performed.